Position Paper

by Ai - Japan Licensed Guide
(20) Reviews

Position Paper

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ai A

Choose a topic that you want to discuss in the conference and explain why.

The rise of internet media, especially for social networking service; such as twitter, facebook, Instagram has greatly influenced on our daily lives. According to a survey conducted by The Hakuhodo DY Media Partners Institute of Media Environment in 2018, there are the following three major findings about how people change their times and lifestyles to communicate through media:

  1. Total media contact time at a record high 396.0 minutes, thanks to increased digital media contact time. 2. Digital media’s share of all media contact exceeds 50% for the first time, at 50.4%. 3. Feature phones/smartphones tops media reputation in “essential for conversations with friends,” “it's a habit,” and “useful.” (Of the 42 media reputation items, feature phones/smartphones ranked No. 1 in 17, the most of any of the media)

As you can see from the above data, interactions via smartphones are the essential parts of modern life. Unfortunately, this addiction to the internet and mobile communities cause negative impact on our real lives as well.  In my position paper, I would like to discuss the power of social media that accelerates online bullying at school.  There are many internet bullying are happening at top national universities in Japan.  For instance, in 2009, Law School students at Kobe University wrote their peer student’s name and slanders on an anonymous online bulletin board with detailed descriptions of that student’s behavior in the classes (Sankei 2009). 

Another example is, sadly, my case. I have been suffering from online bullying before I had enrolled at Kyoto University Graduate School.  After I received an acceptance letter from the dean of my graduate school, I started to announce my enrollment to my social network pages and online bulletin boards of my department to get along with prospective students.  As a result, I have been written slander on anonymous online bulletin boards and attacked my account on twitter.  It is regrettable that those kinds of ridiculous bullying have been happening in one of the best universities in the nation.  (According to The Times Higher Education’s Japan University Rankings 2019, Kyoto University is ranked #1 and Kobe University is in #16.)  To make the matter worse, although I asked my faculties to solve this problem, their conclusion was that I should ignore all those nasty comments on the internet and they did not file a lawsuit against those who keep writing slander.  From this bitter experience, what I felt is that online bullying is not only an issue of certain closed school communities, but also it is a social problem that everyone might be a victim in the future.  Therefore, I would like to analyze why this kind of vicious cycles is still happening at schools in the next few paragraphs. 

I assume that there are four major reasons for bullying in general. First, online bulletin boards and social networks seem to be able to post anything anonymously that you cannot say in your real lives.  The development of online media and social networks bring both positive and negative effects.  According to Japan Times, Insuta-bae インスタ映え (scenes or products that look picture-perfect for Instagram) has become a buzzword of Japan in 2017. As their staff writer, Ms. Tomoko Otake pointed out,

Instagram has taken off in Japan and now many smartphone users can take everyday snapshots and upload them on the photo-sharing platform. It has become such a popular software that many companies are coming up with photogenic products and starting hashtag campaigns.

Young generations are infatuated to show off their “instagrammable” lives on Instagram, and try to be looked that you are superior to others, which means that you have better husband, children, home, cars, food, or whatever things and qualities in your life. As Maslow’s hierarchy of needs illustrates, self-actualization and esteem are the top priorities of motivation (McLeod, 2018); it is natural desires of human beings and totally fine if those outputs were worked properly on social networks.  In reality, however, we are exposed to see other people’s personal lives that you have never had a chance to look at before the internet and online media have gained popularity.  These unnecessary competitions and comparisons on the social media and online bulletin boards make it possible to stir the malicious emotions and another vicious personality. 

Second, I am very active in every single class, which may be annoying for students who are quiet during in-class debates. Students, who continue to write critical comments about my attitude and opinions in the class, do not have courage to speak up in front of hundred audiences to fight me back; therefore, they just express their negative feelings on the internet to release their frustrations.  I do not say that my proactive personality is better than the other modest students; however, in a graduate school where you are encouraged to be leaders of big companies or government organizations, class participation is extremely important.  Approximately thirty to sixty percent of your total grades are evaluated by your class attendance and comments, which illustrates the significance of your active participation.  As a typical Japanese national, who was born and raised in Japan, however, I understand that it is very difficult for Japanese students to give speeches, have presentations, and exchange opinions in front of others.  Therefore, if I was able to do so, those who cannot imitate my attitude would be jealous.

Third, since my department stipulates that if there are more than thirty students in a class, only the top 70% of them can obtain credits. This brings tremendous pressures to those who have been silent in the class activities because they have always been threatened to fail their courses.  This pressure of being kicked out from school pushes them to attack classmates who are superior to them.  Personally, I think relative evaluations should be abolished in my graduate school.  On the other hand, it is almost impossible to avoid competitions in your life.  Therefore, we need to have your own self-management skills to have self-esteem as well as keep yourself calm in competitive, stressful, challenging, and difficult situations.

Finally, Japanese students, in general, are not familiar with people who have different backgrounds. Therefore, if a stranger stepped into their community, they feel uncomfortable and sometimes start bullying. However, as a number of tourists and labor force who enter Japan has been rising tremendously, it is time to change our language skills and mindsets so that we can understand each other and cooperate with strangers even in your local town.  According to government data, the number of non-Japanese residents in June 2018 was over 2.6 million, the highest ever. This figure is more than 2.5 times greater than 30 years ago, at the start of the Heisei Era (Aizawa 2019). Moreover, since Japan will host many international events, G20 Summit and Rugby World Cup this year, Tokyo Olympics in 2020, and Expo in 2015; Japan can no longer be a homogenous country. Therefore, we need to learn how to live in a multi-cultural society. Since most of the delegates have lived and/or studied in different countries, I guess that many of you have similar cross-cultural experiences. Therefore, I would like to hear your stories and how did you able to change the situation.  

To summarize my arguments, I would like to tell my bitter experiences of being bullied on the internet websites and social network services to all other representatives so that we could discuss why these offensive actions have been still ongoing and how to prevent those misconducts. In our conference, I hope every delegate could also share their similar stories that you have overcome in your lives, think solutions together to eradicate bullying at school and on the internet, plus propose our ideas to the society so that we could save students who are still isolated and suffering from bullying.

                                                                                                                                                                                   (1,310/1,535 words)


Works Cited


Aizawa, Yuko(2019).  Opening the door to incoming workers, Tokyo: NHK



The Hakuhodo DY Media Partners Institute of Media Environment, (2018). Time Series Analysis Findings from the Annual Media Consumption Report 2018, Tokyo: Hakuhodo, Inc.



McLeod, Saul(2018). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, Simply Phychology.



Otake, Tomoko (2017). Japan's buzzwords of 2017 cover everything from politics to poop, The Japan Times.



Sankei Shinbun(2009). 神戸大法科大学院でネットいじめ、掲示板に実名「自殺に追い込め」 弁護士の使命は人権擁護・正義実現 (original in Japanese) the article was quoted from a personal blog of Ayutaki Wataru



The Times Higher Education (2019). Japan University Rankings 2019




Asahi Shinbun(2019). 追手門学院、外部講師が発言 「腐ったミカン」「よどんでいる」「負のオーラ」「要らない」(original in Japanese)



The Japan Times (2015). Comedian recounts the heavy toll of online slander


Did you like my article?

You can send me a message to get a customized itinerary and quotation for an unforgettable experience. Let's explore Japan Together.

I'll be waiting for you, so please check my profile and get your trip plan now


Licensed Guide
(20) Reviews

Related Blogs

My profile & KANSAI(Kyoto, Osaka) must-see places

by Ai
Welcome to my page.\(^o^)/  My name is Ai, so I am I, right? lol *****BIO***** Having lived in Osaka for more than thirty years, includin...

Spring flowers near my office 2017

by Ai
Flowers near my office in Osaka.(о´∀`о)  ………………… Join my tour to COLOR Your Life!☆* * https://triplelights.com/gu...


by Ai
Here is OKONOMIYAKI, a soulfood of my hometown. Feel free to send me a gourmet tour booking request in Osaka! Im available everyday after...

Flowers in Osaka 2016

by Ai
Good evening~ Here r some flowers that I took today\(^o^)/ ………*………*……… Check out my tour & feel free to send me a message for details & s...

Stakes+MISO soup lunch☆

by Ai
Today s lunch! Yes, we do eat stakes with MISO soup~ New Japanese style(о´∀`о) ………………………… Please check out my tour for variety of foo...

Tea time~

by Ai
Since Osaka has been called天下の台所(= a kitchen for shogunate), various  kind of delicious sweets are available even at a local supermarket h...

Tours by Guide

Plan your trip to Osaka with Ai

Chat with a local tour guide who can help organize your trip.
Send a message

Recent Tour Reviews in Osaka

“ Wonderful day in Kyoto with Ai ”

6 days ago Traveler: Virginia -   Tour Guide: Ai

I contacted Ai in early December about a one-day tour of Kyoto with a list of top choices for a customized trip for my group of five (myself, my two young adult children, and their two young adult friends). She got back to me right away with a proposed itinerary and the suggestion that we hire a private car and driver for the day. Ai responded quickly to all my questions during the planning period...
read more

“ Amazing trip ”

1 week ago Traveler: Yousef -   Tour Guide: Ai

Ai is an amazing guide , I really enjoyed my time seeing places and exploring with her 👏🏻
read more

“ Kyoto highlights ”

2 weeks ago Traveler: Anish -   Tour Guide: Ai

Ai was enthusiastic and personable, guiding my family through the major sites of western and southern kyoto. The photos she took were amazing! We learned alot about her culture. Her english is perfect. She made lunch reservations and arranged for a private taxi. We just sat back and enjoyed this beautiful city!
read more

“ Ai is the Best ! ”

1 month ago Traveler: Jennifer -   Tour Guide: Ai

We had a great day with Ai ! We did not have alot of time and we asked Ai to help us see as much as possible in 1 day. We went all over Kyoto and I'm so glad we had Ai to help us get everywhere . She took amazing photos for us that we will treasure forever. We really enjoyed our time with Ai and getting to know her and Kyoto more. We will miss her ! And we really loved Kyoto :)
read more

“ a photographer's eye in Kyoto! ”

2 months ago Traveler: Frederick -   Tour Guide: Ai

In her inimitable way, Ai goes beyond the standard “tour guide” role venturing into the realm of a personal travel photographer. Upon our request, Ai escorted us to picturesque locations rarely visited by foreign tourists: even during peak tourist season, in our excursions with Ai we often found ourselves to be the only foreigners traipsing through gorgeous locales! Her command of English is exc...
read more

“ Excellent tour with best guide and photographer ”

3 months ago Traveler: Nivedita -   Tour Guide: Ai

It was amazing. She was very quick in adjusting to all my requests . We covered almost everything i could think of in osaka, kyoto in 2and half days. She helped me with shopping . Took such wonderful pics!!! Yes she is a professional photographer.. she would try to utilise the time in the most efficient way..
read more

“ Osaka City Tour ”

Very Good
4 months ago Traveler: Irene -   Tour Guide: Ai

This is my 2nd time with Tour Guide Ai San. Very accommodating! Thank you Ai San.
read more

“ Excellent tour guide for Kyoto, enjoyed our trip very much! ”

8 months ago Traveler: David -   Tour Guide: Ai

Ai is a very knowledgeable and experienced tour guide in Japan, we choose a day trip to Kyoto, she picked us up from our Osaka hotel and traveled to Kyoto with us. During the day, she managed to take us to all of the must see sites. We also had an amazing meal for lunch, and Ai took very professional photos for us throughout the day. Her English is excellent and personality very bubbly and fun....
read more

“ Two wonderful days in Kyoto ”

9 months ago Traveler: Pramod -   Tour Guide: Ai

As a party of 6 with 2 young boys and two octogenarians it’s hard to know how best to curate a trip in one of the worlds prettiest cities with more UNESCO world heritage sites than most! Step in Ai. From the moment we met her we felt comfortable that she was able to judge and meet our needs. Her English is first class, her knowledge of Kyoto (operational and historical) excellent but of most sig...
read more

“ Terrific afternoon in and around Gion! ”

9 months ago Traveler: Cindy -   Tour Guide: Ai

We’re so happy we booked with AI! My husband and I and our two daughters (ages 5 and 10) are visiting Japan from NY, and had just under 2 days in Kyoto. Ai was enthusiastic, positive, and flexible, showing us all around Yasaka Hill, Kiyomizu temple, and surrounding areas in Gion. She was lovely with the girls and they really enjoyed spending time with her. We made frequent stops for snacks, souven...
read more

Related cities