Himiko, The Queen Of Yamataikoku, 卑弥呼、邪馬台国

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 Himiko, The Queen Of  Yamataikoku, 卑弥呼、邪馬台国

 

Himiko was the Queen of Yamataikoku(one of the provinces in ancient Japan) in the 3rd century.

卑弥呼は、3世紀に倭国を治めた、邪馬台国の女王です。

Himiko, The Queen Of  Yamataikoku, 卑弥呼、邪馬台国

Chinese history books wrote about her country in detail.

中国の史書に、彼女が治めた邪馬台国のことが詳しく書かれています。

2nd-century Japan was in the state of war.  It was in the reign of Himiko when the war came to an end.

二世紀頃、戦乱がつづきましたが、卑弥呼が女王になってからようやく平和がおとづれました。

She is said to have been a female prophet to communicate with God.

卑弥呼は巫女として神さまの意見を聞いたといいます。

According to an ancient Chinese history book, she was the political religious authority of Yamataikoku. However, his brother administrated the country on behalf of her.

政祭一致の宗教的権威であり、実際の政治は弟がとったとされています。

 Himiko, The Queen Of  Yamataikoku, 卑弥呼、邪馬台国

There have been controversies about the location of Yamataikoku.

邪馬台国の位置については長い間、論争がつづいています。

There are two theories about it. One is the north-Kyushu region theory and the other is the Kinki region theory. 

北九州説と近畿説があります。

Today the latter is supported by many scholars. This is because Makimuku relics on the base of Mt. MIwa has been excavated.

現在の研究では、近畿説が有力です。奈良県の三輪山のふもとのまきむく遺跡が発掘されたからです。

Himiko, The Queen Of  Yamataikoku, 卑弥呼、邪馬台国

Many earth ware have been excuvated in the ruins. The archeological studies have shown that there were large wooden structures. In addition, the location is surrounded by many burial mounds.

大量の土器が出土されました。その後の研究で、大型建築群があったことがわかりました。近くには、いくつもの古墳もあります。

The Kinki region theory seems more convincing enough to prove the establishment of the Yamato regime after that.

近畿説の方が、その後のヤマト政権の成立の過程がうまく説明できるようです。

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09 Jul 2017

Masaki

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