Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

by KASHIMA - Japan Licensed Guide
(48) Reviews

Himejijyo castle is the best famous castle of Japan located in Hyogo prefecture which is registered in 1993  as UNESCO World culture Heritage at the first time in Japan.  Himeji-jyo castle large keep which was built in 1609 is the center of the current style of this castle. The architecture of this castle is the masterpieces of Japanese traditional technology which has been developed by lots of Japanese craftsmen.  Many civil engineering structures such as large keep, turret, castle gate, mud wall , stone wall, moat and so-on has been well reserved.
Therefore, this castle is very famous for its surviving Japanese castle architecture that preserve the original architecture structure.
That is why this castle is historically very precious architecture.
This castle is also famous for its elaborately designed defensive enclosure to counter the enemy invasion during the feudal period (15th ~ 16th century). Also, in parallel, the beauty of this castle is amazed by everyone who visit this castle. The castle is called by White Heron castle because the elegant figure of the castle resembles to a Heron flying away with spreading it’s wings.

Himeji castle was originally built in 1333 during Nanbukucho -era (1321~1399) by one of the high rank worriers.
After several worriers were replaced as loads of the castle, Kanbei Kuroda who was the top staff officer of Hideyoshi Toyotomi was assigned as the load in 1567.
This castle used to be one of the most important strategic base by connecting between Kinki area (west center of Japan) and Chugoku region(far west of Japan) for Nobunaga Oda to unify Japan in Civil-war era (1490~1590).
Finally, Kanbei Kuroda present the castle to his boss Hideyoshi in 1580.  And Hideyoshi had become the 15th load of this castle.
Then, he had started to reform the castle to be modern times castle by constructing three stories castle large keep and so-on with spending his enormous resources.
After he unified Japan and moved his residence to Osaka-castle, then Hidenaga Toyotomi who was a younger brother of Hideyoshi became the load.  As such, Osaka-castle and Himeji-castle had become the two important castle for Hideyoshi after he unified Japan.
After Ieyasu Tokugaea became Shogun and unified Japan in 1603, his son in law, Terumasa Ikeda was assigned as the load of the castle and he had started to renovate the castle spending 8 years  and current castle beautiful architecture was constructed.

I will show you the outline to do sightseeing this castle from the entrance to the end of Ninomaru-garden as follows.
1) At the entrance of Himeji castle, you can see the castle tower in the distance.
   The area of Himeji castle is very wide which is equal with 5 units of Tokyo dome.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

2) After through the entrance by paying yen1000 per person and walking up to a slope, you will see the large gate
    called “Hishino-mon”.  

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

From this entrance spot, you can also see the castle tower.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

3) After through the gate, the path go toward two way. Left side is toward the garden called “Nishinomaru”. Right side is toward main enclosure and the castle tower. You can see the main enclosure and castle tower toward the right side.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

4) There exists a long winding slope to reach the main enclosure. A lot of large keep, turret, castle gate, mud wall stone wall
and moat to encounter enemy.  You can see around 1,000 loopholes called “sama” from where guns were fired at attackers.  Angled chutes called “ishi-otoshi” were also set at lots of points in the castle walls to throw stones or pour boiling oil on attackers.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In JapanHimeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

5) The castle tower is located on a rising ground whose altitude is 45.6meter. The height of the stone wall is 14.85 meter and that of main enclosure is 31.5meter. Therefore, the castle is standing by the height of 92meter of altitude.
Current castle tower built in 1609 consists of one castle large keep and three castle small keep that are connected each other by guard tower hall.


Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

6) The main attractions of this castle is to see inside castle tower.
You can enter those keeps to see and walk up to the large keep on the top floor.
There are a lot of exhibits related with Himeji castle at every important points.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan
Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

7) After proceeding the tour route, you reach castle large keep.
The castle large keep is built with five stories appearance with roofs and seven stories inside by a first floor of a basement.
You can see the landscape of Himeji from each floor of the keep by walking up the floors and from 5th floor of large keep.
Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

 Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

8) After finishing to see the main large keep, next course is to go through “Nishinomaru garden”.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

The garden is located in the west side of Himeji castle and there is a turret for princess Senhime to make-up and the rooms called “Hyakumon-rouka” where ladies waiting had lived. This garden was constructed in 1617.
You can enter inside this castle house and do sightseeing lots such as long straight corridor which will make you impressed
by the beauty of this architecture. There is a turret for princess Sehime to make-up and the rooms called “Hyakumon-rouka” where ladies waiting had lived through long straight corridor.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

At present, there is no main palace, only turrets and guard tower hall are remained.
The shape of the outer wall zigzagged fitting to surrounding mountain and turret and guard tower hall are built to encounter enemy.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

9) Other attractive item of this castle is stone walls. There are several types of stone walls which depend on when those were built.
The method to pile up stones and the stones types where those were gathered are different between each stone walls.

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

Himeji Castle As UNESCO World Heritage At The First Time In Japan

If you are intersted in a tour of  Himejijyo-castle, please visit below site showing Himejijyo castle tour.

Himejijyo castle tour

 

                                                                                                                                                                                            By Kashima

 

 

 

Did you like my article?

You can send me a message to get a customized itinerary and quotation for an unforgettable experience. Let's explore Japan Together.

I'll be waiting for you, so please check my profile and get your trip plan now


KASHIMA

Licensed Guide
(48) Reviews

Related Blogs

Itsukushima Shrine Introduction Of World Culture Heritage As the history and architecture Importance

by KASHIMA
I visited Itsukushima shrine twice in early this year. As you know, the shrine is located on Miyajima Island of Hiroshima.There are two very...

Calm and Mysterious Engyoji Temple in Himeji City Famous for the Filming Location of “Last Samurai”

by KASHIMA
I would like to introduce Engyoji temple in Hyogo/Himeji city where you can feel Buddhism temple atmosphere. The place was the filming locat...

Tomioka Silk Mill In Gunma as UNESCO World Heritage

by KASHIMA
For you foreign tourists coming to Japan to have experience of Japanese historical & traditional spots and culture, it might be sometimes di...

Osaka-Castle And Three Top Worriers In Japan: Nobunaga, Hideyoshi And Ieyasu

by KASHIMA
I recently visited Osakajyo castle long interval of time since I did last time more than 5 years ago.  It seems that my impressive feeling t...

Mt.Fuji tour spots as UNESCO World Culture Heritage

by KASHIMA
Mt.Fuji whose altitude of 3776 meters is a sacred mountain which has been the object of Shinto religion from ancient period.Japanese Shinto ...

Japan's Off The Beaten Path And Culturally Immersive Tour Spots In Between Tokyo area And Kyoto area

by KASHIMA
The two primary tour spots in Japan are Kyoto and Tokyo that has been the center of Japanese cultural & historical time-honored spots.Howeve...

Tours by Guide

Kamakura full enjoyment tour of fantastic scenic, historical...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
This tour include the "Daibutsu" the traditional Japanese craftsmanship skill applied, Tsurugaoka Hachiman Shrine whose deity is the founder of the Kamakur...
10h $ 375 up to 8 people

Kyoto Arashiyama one day tour of fantastic scenic, historica...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
This tour include Arashiyama one of the time-honored travel destinations located on the western outskirs of Kyoto, offering a breathtaking panorama of sere...
10h $ 375 up to 8 people

One day tour of Himeji castle and Kobe Rokko mountain for yo...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
Himeji castle is located in Himeji city registered as World cultural Heritage at the first time in Japan. You will be overwhelmed by the elegant figure of...
9h $ 337 up to 8 people

Hakone full enjoyment tour of fantastic scenic, historical a...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
This tour include several essential sights such as scenic & historical spots, traditional and modern culture spots, exciting riding experience and healing ...
10h $ 375 up to 8 people

Enjoyment of Fukiwarenotaki (fall) and Oigamionsen (hot spri...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
This tour include "Fukiwarinotaki-fall"called Niagara of Orient and "Oigamionsen-hot spring as one day trip in Gunma prefecture. The stream of clear water ...
10h $ 375 up to 8 people

Hakone full enjoyment tour of fantastic scenic, historical a...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
This Hakone tour is suitable for the tourists from various world wide countries who visit Hakone for the first time. I will help you to make exciting exper...
10h $ 375 up to 8 people

Tomioka Silk Mill of UNESCO World Heritage & Byakuikannon in...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
This tour include Tomioka Silk Mill of UNESCO World Heritage and Byakuikannon-statue which is the symbol of Takasaki-city. After you understand the importa...
10h $ 375 up to 8 people

Enjoyment of Bonsai sightseeing and Kawagoe Koedo tour spots...

(48) Reviews
by KASHIMA
This tour include Omiya Bonsai museum & village where several types of Bonsai are displayed in both inside the museum & outside garden and Kawagoe tour spo...
10h $ 375 up to 8 people

Plan your trip to Japan with KASHIMA

Chat with a local tour guide who can help organize your trip.
Send a message

Recent Tour Reviews

“ Engaged but not enough knowledge ”

Poor
2 weeks ago Traveler: Michael -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

Kashima tried his best to show us through Nikko, but we expected much more knowledge in one of the most interesting places in Japan. The information he gave us, we already had when preparing the trip. From a guide we also expected better knowledge in English.
read more

“ Very good and thorough guide ”

Very Good
1 month ago Traveler: Bob -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

Totally competent caring for our group. Got us through the day with ease. English was frequently difficult to understand, though. Very good skills getting us through all our train and bus changes. Did not, though, keep us together through the Himeji castle, nor give us any education while inside.
read more

“ Very nice guy but too expensive ”

Good
1 month ago Traveler: Dov -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

MR. Kashima is a very nice guy, but I am not sure I got a good value for the money I paid.
read more

“ Good for limited duration tours ”

Good
2 months ago Traveler: Devayani -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

Kashima san was very prompt and helpful in designing our itinerary. We travelled as a family group of 14 people visiting Osaka, Kyoto and Tokyo and Kashima san was very patient and responsive. He is helpful and pretty good in communicating in English. There are however some tourist attractions that he has not been to for some time so his awareness of wheelchair accessibility etc was limited. I wou...
read more

“ Impress 12-year old boy ”

Very Good
2 months ago Traveler: Dimitri -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

We visited Odaiba (gaming center-Gundam- Statue of Liberty), Takeshita street, Shibuya crossing, Godzilla, Samurai Museum, ...
read more

“ 2 days 2 cities ”

Excellent
2 months ago Traveler: David -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

Kashima was wxcellent. We had Kashima guide us for 1 day in Kyoto and 1 day in Tokyo a few days later. Though we did a lot of sightseeing on our own in both cities, they were more local to where we were staying, Kashima guided us to places more out of the way, e.g. Golden Temple in Kyoto and Meiji Shrine in Tokyo. He was a great guide, very friendly, very informative about the places we visited a...
read more

“ Unforgettable Japan Vacation ”

Excellent
2 months ago Traveler: Tina -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

Kashima was very helpful in all aspects. He’s very flexible with the time and tour changes because of the weather. We enjoyed and learned a lot the entire 8 days exploring around Japan from culture, history and food. Kashima shows us how amazing Japan is, he’s very patience and at the same time extremely knowledgeable. Thank you so much for a memorable vacation Kashima!
read more

“ One Day Tokyo Tour Experience ”

Poor
3 months ago Traveler: Angelina -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

There's six of us in the group and it's our 16th day in Japan. Tokyo is the last place we will visit and we're all excited because Tokyo is a famous city. The excitement turned into disappointment because we booked five tours with TripleLights and our previous guides were excellent, fun, and organized. We have a comparison and Kashima was not prepared compared to those other guides. Many times, he...
read more

“ Five Days to Remember ”

Excellent
3 months ago Traveler: Bob -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

My wife and I just completed a wonderful week in Japan. Because we knew basically what cities we wanted to visit and knew we didn't want a "cookie cutter" tour experience, we reached out to Kashima to create a truly once in a lifetime experience. He was always prepared, punctual, and just plain fun to be with. We not only found a great tour guide, but we found a new friend. If you want to "do it r...
read more

“ One day in Kyoto ”

Excellent
4 months ago Traveler: Debbie -   Tour Guide: KASHIMA

Our tour was very nice and Kashima was a wonderful guide. He was thoughtful and gave very detailed information.
read more

Related cities