Golden Pavilion 金閣寺

by Masaki

There was a residence in  Kyoto Kitayama district, owned by an aristocrat, Saionji Kintsune. 

京都北山に荒れ果てた屋敷がありました。西園寺公経の屋敷でした。

Since the Kamakura samurai government was overthrown, it had been deserted.

 鎌倉幕府が倒れてからというもの、打ち捨てられていました。

Ashikaga shogunate, the third shogun of the Muromachi shogunate,  obtained it and turned it into his private villa.

室町幕府三代将軍、足利義満はその屋敷を譲り受け、そこに山荘をつくりました。

Golden Pavilion 金閣寺

In the villa were many magnificent buildings.

多くの立派な建物が建てられました。

Golden Pavilion was one of them, a three-layered structure, and the top two floors of the structure covered in gold leaf.

金閣寺はそのひとつです。その建物は三層造りで、上の二階部分は金が塗られていました。

Golden Pavilion 金閣寺

The gorgeous buildings were called Kitayama Villa.

絢爛豪華なその山荘は北山山荘と呼ばれました。

Golden Pavilion was the symbol of his power, wealth, and honor.

金閣寺は彼の権力と富、そして名誉の象徴でした。

Yoshimitsu invited and entertained feudal lords in this villa.

義満は彼の山荘に多くの大名を招き、歓待しました。

It is said that he wanted to become an emperor.

彼は天皇になりたかったと言われています。

He passed away before he realized his dream.

その野望を達成する前にこの世を去ったのですが。

After his death, the structure became a Zen temple according to his will.

義満の死後、遺言に従って、建物は禅宗の寺になりました。

At that time Zen Buddhism enjoyed the height of its prosperity.

当時禅宗は全盛期を迎えていました。

Sad to say, it was set on fire by a lunatic young monk and was burnt down in the 1950s.

残念ながら、狂った若者に放火されて焼け落ちてしまいました。

Golden Pavilion 金閣寺

The present structure was rebuilt in 1955.

現在の建物は1955年に建てられたものです。

So, Golden Pavilion itself is a new building, not a national treasure, but the UNESCO registered it as the World Cultural Heritage Site in 1994.

従って、建物自体は新しく国宝には指定されていません。が、にもかかわらず、1994年、UNESCOはこれを世界文化遺産に登録しました。

The whole view of Golden Pavilion is worth being admired as a representative view of Japan.

その景観は日本を代表するものとして高く評価したのです。

In winter, the reflection of the snow-covered pagoda on the water is so beautiful a picture.

冬、水に写った金閣寺は絵はがきさながらの美しさです。

 


25 Jun 2017

Masaki

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