Furoshiki 風呂敷

by Masaki

Furoshiki, 風呂敷

Furoshiki 風呂敷

Furoshiki is a piece of square cloth, used to wrap things.

風呂敷は物を包むための正方形の布です。

It is very useful because it can wrap various shaped things and can be folded into a small size when not in use.

いろいろな形の物を包めますし、使わないときは小さく折り畳みできますから、とても便利です。

Furoshiki 風呂敷

 

The oldest existing furoshiki is found in Shosoin Treasure House in Nara.

現存する最古の風呂敷は奈良の正倉院に収納されています。

So It is no wonder that it had been used earlier.

それより前にすでに使われていたのでしょう。

A picture on a folded fan in the Heian period has shown that women in those days wrapped their clothes in a cloth called hira-tsutsumi and carried it on their heads.

平安時代の扇子には、女性が着物を風呂敷に包んで、頭に乗せて運んでいる絵が描かれています。当時はひら包みと呼ばれていました。

The current word "furoshiki"  came to be used in the Muromahi period(1336-1573).

現在の「風呂敷」という言葉は、室町時代から使われるようになりました。

Furoshiki 風呂敷

Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, the third shogun of the Muromachi samuri government, built a large bathroom in his residence and invited many feudal lords to it.

三代将軍足利義満は、自宅に大浴場をつくり、そこに大名達を招きました。

They took off their clothes in the dressing room and wrapped them in a cloth.

大名は脱衣所で服を脱ぐと、家紋入りの風呂敷に包みました。

This came to be called furoshiki. Furo means "bathroom" and shiku means "spread or lay."

これが風呂敷の由来です。

Today, furoshiki isn't used too often.

今日、風呂敷はあまり使われていません。

But foreign visitors to Japan buy furoshiki as a souvenir  because it is light and handy, above all not so expensive.

訪日外国人は風呂敷をお土産に買います。軽いし、便利だし、何より値段も高くないからです。

 


18 Jun 2017

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