Buddhism (1-2), 仏教

by Masaki

Buddhism came into Japan in the 6th century.

仏教は6世紀に日本で伝来しました。

The ultimate goal of Buddhism is to attain enlightenment.

仏教は自身の悟りを開くことを目的とする宗教です。

Buddhism (1-2), 仏教 

According to the teachings of Buddhism,  people can become a Buddha by reaching enlightenment.  

仏教の教えでは、悟りを開けば如来(Buddha)になることができます。

Both priests and monks train themselves to attain enlightenment.

僧は悟りの開くために修行するのです。

In this sense, the temple is a training and learning place of Buddhism.

ですから、寺は修行の場でもあり、教義を学習する場でもあります。

Buddhism (1-2), 仏教

Todaiji in Nara was founded by the government to educate young monks .

奈良の東大寺は、若い修学僧を教育するために造られました。

Even today, you can have a monk's experience at Eiheiji Temple and Mt. Koya, even if you are not a Buddhist.

今日、永平寺、高野山などでは、仏教徒でなくても一日修行を体験できます。

 Sutras are the holy teachings of Buddha.  Young monks learned them by  copying a Buddhist scripture (syakyo).  It is popular even today, so you may experience it at temples.

Buddhism (1-2), 仏教

経典は釈迦の教えですから、修行僧にとっては教科書です。今日でも写経は人気があります。

Syaka, the founder of Buddhism, didn't leave any teachings in the written form for his disciples.

釈迦は自分の教えを書籍にして弟子たちに残しませんでした。

After Syaka passed away, it was divided into two groups; academic Buddhism and practical Buddhism.

釈迦の死後、二つのグループに分かれました。学究的な仏教と実践的な仏教徒にです。

Buddhism (1-2), 仏教

Academic groups tried to reach enlightenment by studying Buddhism academicaly.

学究派は仏教の教えを学問的に学んで悟りを得ようとしました。

This group is regarded as a kind of other-reliance Buddhism. It was supported by emperors, aristocrats, and ordinary people in ancient times.

他力本願の仏教と理解したらいいです。古代の日本では、主に天皇や貴族、一般の人に支持されていました。

On the other hand, practical Buddhism values action and is considered to be self-reliance Buddhism.  It was supported by samurai.

Buddhism (1-2), 仏教

他方、実践的な仏教は行動を重んじ、自力本願の仏教といえます。武士階級に支持されていました。

 

 


08 Jul 2017


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